Suresh and Kartik have been talking about the advent of Web3. And Suresh feels Web2 is still in the lead, and Kartik says that Web3 is more innovative. Thus, the comparison is made between the two.
Now, Let’s see some differentiation between the two.
Web 2.0 allows user-generated content to be viewed by millions of people all over the world in an instant; this unprecedented reach has resulted in an explosion of such content.
Fundamental innovations such as mobile internet access and social networks, as well as the near-ubiquity of powerful mobile devices, have fueled Web 2.0’s exponential growth. These advancements enabled the dominance of apps that greatly expanded online interactivity and utility in the second decade of this millennium, such as Airbnb, Facebook, Instagram, TikTok, Twitter, Uber, WhatsApp, and YouTube.
Web 3.0 represents the next stage in the evolution of the internet, and it has the potential to be as disruptive and represent a paradigm shift as Web 2.0 was. Web 3.0 is based on the fundamental concepts of decentralization, openness, and increased user utility.
Berners-Lee elaborated on some of these critical concepts in the 1990s, as detailed below:
“No permission from a central authority is required to post anything on the web, and there is no central controlling node, so no single point of failure…and no ‘kill switch!” This also implies freedom from censorship without discrimination.”
Bottom-up design means that “rather than having code written and controlled by a small group of experts, it was developed in full view of everyone, encouraging maximum participation and experimentation.”
- Web 2.0 allows for free information sorting, allowing users to retrieve and classify information collectively.
- The second generation of internet services is also concerned with providing dynamic content highly responsive to user input.
- Web 2.0 also emphasizes online commenting and evaluation as channels for information flow between site users and owners.
- Web 2.0 enabled web content to be accessed via televisions, mobile devices, multimedia consoles, and nearly any internet-connected device.
- Most importantly, web 2.0 is also known as a participative social web. Users can now participate in the creation and sharing of responsive content, as well as present opportunities for collaboration. As a result, web 2.0 is critical in encouraging the growth of new virtual communities.
- Web 3.0 uses artificial intelligence to provide correct results faster while providing access to real-time insights.
- Web 3.0 allows users to take advantage of the power of 3D visuals and graphics.
- An essential aspect of Web 3.0 is the Semantic Web functionality, which implies that Web 3.0 could help people understand what words mean. As a result, in web 3.0, machines and humans could easily find, share, and analyze information.
- Web 3.0 also has a prominent feature of improved privacy and security.
- Web 3.0 secures user identity and data by utilizing advanced authorization mechanisms via distributed ledger technologies and encryption.
Web 2.0 is centered on allowing users to interact with internet content. Web 3.0, on the other hand, encourages immersion in internet content by becoming an active contributor. While web 2.0 was designed to connect people, web 3.0 is designed to combine the knowledge.
Web 2.0 was primarily based on tagging and end-user experiences, and web 3.0 shifted its emphasis to user empowerment by facilitating increased trust, security, and privacy. Web 2.0 is primarily concerned with community development, whereas Web 3.0 is concerned with individual empowerment.
The precise observation of highlights in the web 2.0 vs. web 3.0 comparison demonstrates how Web3 outperforms web 2.0. It provides improved security, trust, and privacy. Many people refer to web 3.0 as the decentralized web because it’s based on decentralized protocols. Web 2.0 remains the common foundation for many web applications today.